Turkey Libya Agreement Mediterranean

The agreement between Turkey and Libya has therefore officially implemented proportional allocation in the western part of the disputed maritime zone, in accordance with the law of the sea. The size of countries and their geographical proximity are the main reasons for compliance. The agreement between Turkey and Libya, which also provides for military cooperation with the UN-backed Libyan government of Prime Minister Fayez al-Sarraj to end Libya`s civil war and thus help prevent international terrorism, has enabled the Turkish government to achieve a foreign and security policy movement in the eastern Mediterranean. The main contribution of the agreement was to ensure the resurgence of the borders of the EEZ and the eleven continents within the eastern Mediterranean, since this is the second agreement on the delimitation of maritime borders – after the agreement with the TRNC – signed in the eastern Mediterranean with a riparian state, while Greece`s agreements with Egypt and southern Cyprus have largely lost their legitimacy. As summarized above, it would be, according to the principle of non-intervention of the law, to grant Greece only the maritime areas located near the coast of Turkey (whose coasts are the longest in the eastern Mediterranean). With the agreement on Libya, Turkey won a historic victory and crossed the so-called EEZ line, which seriously violated the rights of the TRNC and the Anatolian coast of 533 nautical miles in the eastern Mediterranean to the west. The third decisive achievement was the establishment of Libya as a Turkish maritime neighbour and, conversely, by the principle of “creating diagonal lines” because of Turkey`s reversed geographical location on the world map. This situation will allow Turkey (not Greece) to conclude similar agreements with Egypt and Israel in the future. According to the Turkish daily Daily Sabah, the new agreement consists of the establishment of 200 nautical miles of EEZ and a facility of 18.6 nautical miles of continental shelf. [8] According to Recep Tayyip Erdogan, the Turkish position is that it protects its sovereign rights over the blue economy and defends its rights over the disputed area of the Mediterranean. [9] According to the Anadolu agency, the legality of the EEZ borders in the Mediterranean should also be determined by continental and continental data, instead of island calculations. [10] The legitimacy and legal consequences of the agreement have been challenged by a number of states in the region as well as by the European Union. According to the European Union, the agreement “violates the sovereign rights of third countries, is not in accordance with the law of the sea and cannot have legal consequences for third countries.” [3] Cyprus and Egypt both considered the agreement “illegal”, while Greece considers it “unconfessed” and “geographically absurd” because it ignores the presence of the islands of Crete, Kasos, Karpathos, Kastellorizo and Rhodes between the Turkish and Libyan coasts.

[4] Turkey`s relations with the UN-backed Libyan government continue to be of concern to the West, especially as prospects for peace in the North African country appear to be improving. Libya`s two main warring factions, the Government of the National Agreement (GNA) and the Libyan Arab Armed Forces (LAAF), signed a ceasefire agreement at the United Nations in Geneva on 23 October. The agreement called on troops on the front line to return to their bases and the withdrawal of all foreign forces and mercenaries within three months.